Student(s): Jiho Sun
Instructor(s): Stephen Turk
Course: ARCH 3420: Architectural Design IV
Term: Spring 2017

            Modern urban is a result of developed civilization in human history. However, the space has designed as human-centered and considered being based on human behaviors rather than focusing on the nature and animals. As a result, exploitation of urban areas drove animals out of their home, and cities became devastated space under the dominated society. This project is that thinking about human in the evaluation context, researching animal’s behaviors, and proposing the ideal way in order to seek to coexist in the future urban area.


Then, which value is the priority for the future urban and architecture with understanding human as a species in the evaluation context? Human and animals’ co-existence is a main idea of the architectural landscapism. In the project, the new urban planning is not based on traditional zoning, but spatial distribution by layers and boundaries which is a part of landscape.


            The 1909 theorem, the skyscraper as utopian device by Rem Koolhaas, is recognized of its signification in architectural thought. Each floor is a small independent world and it shows the collection of worlds as layers. In order to make architecture to landscape of nature, it is a way to use national landscape such as hill, rock, mountain which can be landmark of natural boundary for different animal species and human. Original layers in the 1909 theorem drawing appear as horizontal skyscraper, but in this project, in-outside of natural structure become layers for different program for human and animals. 


            In process from the 1909 theorem to propose of the future city, there were ingredients for the components of the city. First of all, Rem Koolhaas’ two projects and one ancient wondering chosen by students were a beginning of the transformation. The two projects were transformed to 1909 theorem as six-steps, so the work helped for students to understand how Rem Koolhaas placed his ideal theory into real projects. Also, as his other theory, ‘S,M,L,XL’, it was a next step to make each transformation with a various sizes from S to XL.



I chose Siberian mountain range as site for the project According to Russian Census of 2010, a population density of about three people per kilometer in the Far Eastern Federal districts, Siberia. A reason for choosing Siberia as the site, which shows the future urban planning, is a possibility for urban growth in the future. The land has plentiful resources such as oil, natural gas, gold as well as nickel of which it has around 40% of the world’s resource. So, the area has potential possibility to be developed in the future. Also, many animal species live in the area because it has a wide range of natural environment from taiga to tundra. Even snow leopard and Amur tiger which are one of the most endangered animals around the world still live in Siberia. Thus, this area can be an example how we can design the future urban in order for co-existence between animal and human-being.